Klüver-Bucy syndrome is a rare behavioral impairment that is associated with damage to both of the anterior temporal lobes of the brain. It causes individuals to put objects in their mouths and engage in inappropriate sexual behavior. Other symptoms may include visual agnosia (inability to visually recognize objects), loss of normal fear and anger responses, memory loss, distractibility, seizures, and dementia. The disorder may be associated with herpes encephalitis and trauma, which can result in brain damage.
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive, and may include drug therapy.
There is no cure for Klüver-Bucy syndrome. The disorder is not life-threatening, but the patient can be difficult to manage. With treatment, symptoms may slowly decline.
NINDS supports and conducts research on neurobehavioral disorders such as Klüver-Bucy syndrome. Much of the research focuses on learning more about these disorders and finding ways to prevent and treat them. Information from the National Library of Medicine’s MedlinePlus Brain Diseases